Vascular disease (heart disease, stroke, diabetes and kidney disease) is the biggest cause of death in the UK. In England vascular disease also makes up approximately a third of the difference in life between the most deprived areas and the rest of England. In the East Midlands vascular disease accounts for 49.5% of all deaths in people aged 40-74.
In the national NHS Health Checks (NHS HCs) programme individuals aged 40-74 without diagnosed vascular disease will be offered a check once every five years, potentially:
preventing around 445 heart attacks and 550 strokes
preventing over 7,900 people from developing diabetes
detecting at least 19,000 cases of diabetes and 24,000 cases kidney disease earlier, allowing individuals to be better managed and improve their quality of life
The NHS would also save £57m on average per year over the first four years of implementation.
All primary care trusts in the Eat Midlands need to offer health checks to 20% of eligible people aged 40-74 years annually from 2012/13.
PCTs in the East Midlands under financial constraints have the option in 2011/12 to target or limit offers to a subgroup at higher risk to optimise costs and benefits. Only two PCTs in the East Midlands needed to take up this targeted approach for 2011/12.